May 31 is observed as World No Tobacco Day.
The theme for World No Tobacco Day 2019 is “tobacco and lung health”, focusing on the negative impact that tobacco has on people’s lung health and overall well-being.
For ages, people have been using tobacco in our country in different forms.
Some use it for smoking – cigarette, beedi, chillum, hooka, cigars and chutta.
While others use smokeless tobacco in the form of- pan, gutka, khaini, pan masala, mishri, mawa and toothpaste with tobacco.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), India contributes to 12% of the total population of world smokers.
Nearly one third of Indians above 15 years are using some form of tobacco that leads to almost 40% of all the cancers.
Tobacco is the cause of nearly 90% of oral and lung cancers, however there are various other tobacco related diseases.
These include stroke, bronchitis, asthma, impotence, birth defects, etc.
Smoking and chewing tobacco also leads to bad breath, stained teeth and early tiredness.
Smoking has an adverse effect on the ‘innocent bystanders’ who become victims of passive smoking.
Nearly 100 million premature deaths have been recorded in the 20th century and the figure is set to increase to 1 billion by the 21st century.
Smoking kills over one million people in India annually and is the fourth leading cause of non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as cancer and heart diseases, which account for 53% of all deaths in India.
Quitting all tobacco related products is the first step one can take towards improving their overall health.
Initially, it might be difficult for people who have been smoking for years.
But with determination and self-discipline, this can be achieved.
Also the support of family, friends and timely professional are a key to helping an individual quit tobacco.