The Rowlatt Act legislation was passed by the Imperial Legislative Council of the British India.
This legislative act was to considerably enhance the extensive “emergency measures”.
These were supposedly enacted during the First World War to ensure control of the public unrest and to exterminate the conspiracy in India.
This law passed by the then Viceroy of India, Lord Chelmsford.
The British Government were empowered to detain people and imprisoned them for over two years without any sort of trial.
The Rowlatt Act was staunchly opposed by the Indian civilians.
This was due to the inequitable and unjustified right of the police force to apprehend any individual even before giving a chance to substantiate their statement or actions.
It was also termed as the “Exploiting Act” by the Indian Leaders who considered the act as a big blunder in the nation.
They found that the legitimate purpose behind was to restrain the growing nationalist upsurge in the, then, colonised nation.
Thus, they beseeched a movement to oppose this act and Mahatma Gandhi and his fellow critical leaders organised a ‘Hartal’.
Here, all the Indians were to suspend their jobs and hold meetings against the ‘Black Act’ as a sign of expressing their opposition and civil disobedience against the British Legislature.
Finally, on the 30th of March, 1919, the hartal turned out to be a success in Delhi and this overshadowed the tension escalating and thus, caused rioting in provinces of Punjab.
In the end, Gandhi had to suspend this resistance because people were not consistent with the ideologies and principles of Ahimsa.