As of now, modern education teaches us that we are all developed from a unicellular organism to multicellular organism through evolution.
But when the evolution theory was proposed scientifically by Charles Darwin, he was found to be blasphemy for religious people.
People strongly believed that man and all other living things were created by God but Charles Darwin’s findings denied creation theory.
We might not know about Charles Darwin’s works but we all know the survival of the fittest. We tend to use this phrase in many places.
On Charles Darwin’s 210th birthday let us know some facts about ‘Survival of the fittest’
- Charles Darwin never coined the phrase ‘the survival of the fittest’. He used ‘Natural Selection’
- Herbert Spencer first used the phrase – after reading Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species – in his Principles of Biology of 1864.
- In July 1866 Alfred Russel Wallace wrote to Darwin about readers thinking that the phrase “natural selection” personified nature as “selecting”,
- and said this misconception could be avoided “by adopting Spencer’s term” Survival of the fittest”
- In the first four editions of On the Origin of Species, Darwin had used the phrase “natural selection”.
- In Chapter 4 of the 5th edition of The Origin published in 1869, Darwin implies again the synonym: “Natural Selection, or the Survival of the Fittest”.
- By “fittest” Darwin meant “better adapted for the immediate, local environment”, not the common modern meaning of “in the best physical shape”
- In the evolutionary meaning “fitness” is the rate of reproductive output among a class of genetic variants.
So Darwin’s interpretation of fitness doesn’t mean the strong but it means the one which adapts to the changes.