The era of Ptolemaic reign in Egypt is one of the best-documented time periods of the
Hellenistic period; a wealth of papyri written in Koine Greek and Egyptian have been discovered in Egypt.
In 332 BC, Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia, invaded Egypt, which at the time was a satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire known as the Thirty-first Dynasty under Emperor Artaxerxes III
Alexander conciliated the Egyptians by the respect he showed for their religion,
but he appointed Macedonians to virtually all the senior posts in the country, and founded a new Greek city, Alexandria, to be the new capital.
The wealth of Egypt could now be harnessed for Alexander’s conquest of the rest of the Achaemenid Empire.
Early in 331 BC he was ready to depart, and led his forces away to Phoenicia.
He left Cleomenes of Naucratis as the ruling nomarch to control Egypt in his absence. Alexander never returned to Egypt.
Now, Egyptian archaeologists have found ancient grave buried in ancient Greece Ptolemy empire.
Found in Southern Cairo, more than 50 male and 20 female skeletons have been stacked in line.
The archaeologists have also found that their pets have also been buried with them.
They have discovered that beautiful paintings have been painted inside the tombs.