With temperatures soaring at 2-3 degrees Celsius above normal, the persisting hot weather is leading to increased incidences of heat strokes, dehydration, and other heat-related ailments which are known to peak during the summer season.
A heat stroke occurs when one’s core body temperature rises above 40ºC (104ºF).
It is caused by the failure of thermo regulation and is usually accompanied by central nervous system dysfunction.
Ideally, sweating helps maintain a healthy body temperature as it enables the loss of heat through evaporation.
Some measures that can be taken to prevent heat strokes.
- Drink plenty of water or other cool, non-alcoholic fluids. Avoid very cold liquids as they can lead to stomach cramps.
- Avoid performing physical activities in hot weather, especially between 11 am and 3 pm. If unavoidable, try rescheduling such activities to the cooler hours of the day.
- Rest often.
- Spend as much time indoors as possible, and ensure ventilation. Draw your blinds or curtains and use air conditioning if possible.
- Eat smaller meals often. Avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages.
- Wear light-coloured, loose-fitting cotton or linen clothing.
7.Use hats, umbrellas, sunglasses, and sunscreens.
- Check in on older people, sick and frail family members, friends, and neighbours who might need help coping with the heat. Call them at least once a day when the weather seems unbearably hot.
- Never leave children, older people, or pets in cars.